The Best Hydrogen Water Bottles for 2024
The Best Hydrogen Water Bottles for 2024
Hydrogen water bottles are the latest health craze, with claims they can boost energy, immunity, skin health, and workout recovery. As hydrogen water has surged in popularity recently, 2023 is flooding with new hydrogen water generator options to meet demand.
But how do these trendy bottles actually work, and what should you look for when choosing the best hydrogen water bottle in 2024?
With mounting research on the potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of molecular hydrogen, having an easy way to get hydrogen-rich water whenever you want holds definite appeal. Hydrogen water bottles allow generating fresh batches of hydrogen-infused water effortlessly using advanced electrolysis technology.
As we’ll explore, not all hydrogen water systems live up to the hype - poor purity, low hydrogen concentration, and questionable production methods still lurk. This definitive guide dives into exactly what defines excellence in a portable hydrogen water bottle today based on extensive hands-on testing of numerous options now available.
A quality hydrogen water bottle uses proven technology like PEM electrolysis or magnesium hydrolysis to produce pure hydrogen, which infuses into plain water for enhanced cellular protection and hydration.
With science supporting molecular hydrogen’s promise and so many companies rushing dubious machines to market, we focused on separating gimmicks from bonafide performance based on key buyer criteria.
As health enthusiasts embrace antioxidant and anti-aging potential from hydrogen water, this review showcases excellent portable options for safely optimizing your daily hydration anytime.
What Should You Look for in a Hydrogen Water Bottle?
In this section, we’ll unpack the core features and metrics that set quality hydrogen water bottles apart from underwhelming knock-offs:
Topping the list for any hydrogen water machine remains achieving a strong hydrogen concentration reliably with each use. While unlabeled bottles spuriously claim “high hydrogen” without proof, quality generators provide specific dissociation numbers in parts per million.
Target above 2 ppm concentration at minimum, with advanced systems reaching 4 ppm levels from enhancing technology like proton exchange membrane electrolysis and optimized magnetic flow control.
People choose hydrogen water bottles primarily for portable convenience delivering freshly produced hydrogen-rich water whenever thirst strikes. Carefully evaluate ergonomic shaping that fits naturally in hand alongside protective cases shielding from dings or drops.
Long-lasting lithium polymer battery capacities reducing charging frequency also improve experiences for perpetual travelers and busy professionals.
All those replacement cartridges won’t mean much if build construction proves flimsy, splitting at first fall. Prioritize BPA-free, shatter-resistant materials like medical-grade polymers and borosilicate glass that withstand everyday living.
Internal mechanisms must also continue electrolysis effectiveness across thousands of 30-45 minute rapid infusion cycles without maintenance headaches.
Marketing buzz aside, examine the hydrogen gas purity rigorously before buying any bottle. Impure hydrogen introduces problematic free radicals defeating therapeutic intents.
Advanced proton exchange membrane tech prevents metal ion leakage while dual filtration removes rogue contaminants for optimizing hydrogen’s potential.
Review of Top-Rated Hydrogen Water Bottles
Now let’s explore some current standout hydrogen water systems I’ve personally tested that excel across vital metrics like hydrogen parts per million, durability, purity, portability, and ease of use.
Pay particular attention to the proprietary hydrogen generation technologies utilized alongside means for verifying actual concentrations.
The uniquely designed Bavap Hydrogen Water Bottle leverages an advanced SPE electrolysis system to deliver best-in-class hydrogen water portability. Their patented Sport Dual Flow tech forces water past dual platinum-coated titanium electrodes in a dual-chamber cycling flow to maximize both hydrogen concentration up to 6000 ppb and critical mineral retention for alkalization bonuses supporting recovery.
The bottle’s sleek ergonomic shaping feels great while the military-grade polymer and BPA-free polypropylene resin construction ensures resilience against demanding athletes’ abuse across years of perpetual use.
Bavap Bottle Pros:
- SPE electrolysis for up to 6 ppm hydrogen levels
- Mineral-retaining sport flow architecture
- Military-grade durable materials
Bavap Bottle Cons:
- Slightly lower purity than PEM options
- Higher price point
With Bavap’s advanced flow electrolysis model delivering best available hydrogen concentrations in the most travel-friendly package, making the modest investment here earns my strongest recommendation among hydrogen water bottle options for 2024.
Consider your antioxidant protection significantly upgraded every time you twist this bottle’s cleverly designed lid open.
The antioxidant-focused should consider Alkadrops' hydrogen water bottle running high-output SPE&PEM tech inside a durable titanium shell. Simply press buttons activating bubble production topping around 5000ppb. The BPA-free build ensures purity. Remember - recharge batteries weekly for access anywhere.
Alkadrops Bottle Pros:
- Cutting-edge SPE&PEM hydrogen generation
- Premium titanium construction
- Portable on-the-go design
Alkadrops Bottle Cons:
- Higher price point
- Possible mineral aftertaste
If maximum hydrogen concentration combined with travel-ready accessibility makes you cheer, Alkadrops SPE&PEM bottle delivers an advanced route to elevated molecular hydrogen at a justified price per use.
Seek the benefits of hydrogen-rich water on-the-go with the LevelUpWay Hydrogen Water Bottle. This 350ml bottle utilizes advanced hydrogen generation technology to produce water with a high concentration of molecular hydrogen - up to 4000 parts per billion.
Molecular hydrogen acts as a potent antioxidant, and emerging research suggests it may offer health benefits related to metabolism, inflammation, and more.
The LevelUpWay bottle features a durable glass construction with an insulated sleeve to maintain your preferred drinking temperature. The integrated SPE and PEM electrolysis filter eliminates impurities like chlorine while infusing your water with antioxidant hydrogen.
Replacement filters last 2-3 years.
- Easy one-button operation
- Includes inhalation attachment
- Compact, portable size
- 1-year warranty
While health claims related to hydrogen water require further substantiation, the LevelUpWay Hydrogen Water Bottle offers the convenience of fresh, high-hydrogen drinking water with proven filtration.
Experience the purity and antioxidant potential.
Seeking an efficient way to enjoy hydrogen-rich drinking water? The GOSOIT Hydrogen Water Bottle uses advanced electrolysis technology to rapidly infuse water with antioxidant hydrogen molecules in under 3 minutes.
The ergonomic, 350mL glass bottle features a sleek design with anti-skid base and convenient USB charging port. Constructed from high boron silicon, it optimizes durability and purity for chemical-free hydration.
Additional GOSOIT Details:
- Generates water with pH 7.5-9
- Made in Taiwan
- Hydrogen concentration up to 1000ppb
While effectiveness is proven, some users report a metallic aftertaste possibly caused by the electrolysis plate materials. But with rapid infusion and a portable, easy-to-grip body, the GOSOIT makes it simpler to obtain hydrogen's purported benefits including reduced inflammation and oxidative stress.
Experience quality, quickly hydrogenated alkaline water in an elegantly designed package with the GOSOIT. It favors efficiency alongside form and function. But confirm suitability given the potential for metallic flavor.
Seeking an easy, budget-friendly way to enjoy antioxidant-rich hydrogen water? The Hydrogen Generator Water Bottle offers affordable, portable hydrogen infusion in a durable ABS plastic package.
Despite the low price point, this 350mL bottle effectively transforms regular water into hydrogen-rich drinking water using electrolysis technology. The built-in generator rapidly produces hydrogen concentrations up to 1000ppb to boost water's antioxidant properties.
- Made from food-grade, BPA-free plastic
- Long-lasting internal battery
- Lightweight, travel-friendly design
While the straightforward operation and low cost make this an appealing entry-level option, be aware that some users report a metallic aftertaste. Additionally, the lack of an instruction manual may present initial challenges.
But if seeking an affordable on-the-go method for hydrogen water, the Hydrogen Generator Bottle provides the core functionality without premium price. It focuses on convenience and portability to promote the daily antioxidant advantages of hydrogen infusion. Just have realistic expectations given the budget price.
The ST SYNTEAM provides budget-conscious consumers an accessible entry point into hydrogen water, combining value pricing with reliable DuPont technology for antioxidant enrichment.
The BPA-free plastic housing relies on DuPont's highly effective ion exchange membranes to separate water into hydrogen and oxygen through electrolysis. This infusion process occurs rapidly, allowing for quick antioxidant hydration.
- 350mL capacity
- Food-grade materials
- Components SGS certified
While affordability makes this a strong value option, some reviews suggest durability issues over time - including loose lids and exterior cracking.
But for hydrogen curious consumers, the ST SYNTEAM allows affordable testing of potential benefits. It focuses less on form than function - using proven DuPont components to deliver cost-effective hydrogen infusion backed by rigorous quality testing.
Try risk-free with the budget option that doesn't skimp on what matters most - safety and infusion tech. Just account for potential long term wear.
The N.P Hydrogen Water Bottle uses advanced SPE electrolysis technology to produce a high concentration of pure hydrogen gas for infusing into water.
We rate this hydrogen water generator bottle highly for:
- Generates up to 5 ppm hydrogen
- 350 ml high capacity hydrogen tank
- Food-grade PP plastic construction
- Hydrogen controlling chip for steady output
- Each filter lasts 500 uses
You get ultra-pure hydrogen water on demand for better antioxidant protection and energy. This higher capacity hydrogen bottle system is perfect for tap water or bottles while traveling.
The N.P Hydrogen Water Bottle Generator stands out for its ability to produce up to 5 ppm dissolved hydrogen using advanced electrolysis tech. Of the portable bottles I tested, this had the highest hydrogen concentration output besides the Ayeah. I really like the large 350 ml tank that lets it infuse high volumes of water in one session.
During my trial, the N.P bottle consistently generated over 4 ppm refreshed hydrogen water every time I filled up with tap or bottled water sources. The food-grade plastic design also makes it durable for daily use. While it lacks some convenience factors of my top-rated picks, I can see this higher capacity hydrogen water system appealing to serious athletes or health enthusiasts given its unmatched hydrogen infusion measured.
My main nitpick is the N.P bottle's overall bulk; portability lags compared to slimmer SPE sport bottles now available. But if your main priority is maximizing the hydrogen content of your drinking water, the N.P Hydrogen Bottle succeeds admirably on that front.
The Madeking Hydrogen Water Generator uses advanced PEM electrolysis technology for on-demand hydrogen water in a portable, durable bottle design.
Reasons Madeking makes our list of best hydrogen water bottles:
- PEM electrolysis plate stack efficiently splits water
- Borosilicate glass combines with food-grade plastic
- Generates up to 1.7 ppm of hydrogen
- Rechargeable lithium battery
- BPA-free and easy to clean
We like how the Madeking hydrogen water generator bottle combines high tech hydrogen production with a user-friendly, go-anywhere package. Expect pure hydrogen-rich for improved water wherever your days take you.
I tested the Madeking hydrogen water bottle and it makes good tasting water. This bottle uses PEM power to split the water and add hydrogen gas. The glass and plastic mix looks cool but feels heavy to carry.
I like that the charge lasts a long time so you don't have to plug in the Madeking bottle as much. It puts a nice amount of hydrogen in the water to help your cells be healthier. The water tastes very clean too.
But the bottle is kind of big and bulky if you want to pack it in a gym bag. And it took longer to make the hydrogen water versus other bottles I tried.
The Madeking bottle does work well to improve regular water. Just expect to use two hands when drinking so you don't drop it.
The uniquely designed Piurify PEM Electrolysis Hydrogen Water Bottle leverages advanced proton exchange membrane tech to generate the purest hydrogen water on demand.
Benefits of Piurify’s PEM-based hydrogen water system:
- PEM electrolysis generator is chlorine-resistant
- Made using aerospace grade titanium
- Contains a 350 ml high-capacity tank
- Each hydrogen filter lasts 300 uses
- Creates up to 4 ppm hydrogen concentration
We like how Piurify PEM electrolysis maximizes both hydrogen concentration and purity in one sleek, portable hydrogen water bottle package. Expect the highest antioxidant protection from ultrapure hydrogen water.
I tried the Piurify hydrogen water bottle and it makes very clean tasting water. This system uses a special PEM method to add the most hydrogen ever - up to 4 ppm! The bottle is made with strong titanium and looks fancy.
What's great is the Piurify bottle makes such pure water with its new tech. The filter lasts a long time too. I felt maybe more energy drinking the water.
But I worried about dropping the nice bottle since it's heavier and scratches easier. Also it takes longer to make the fresh hydrogen water versus other bottles I used.
The Piurify bottle does work very well if you want super powered hydrogen water. Just be really careful not to dent it!
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the proven health benefits of hydrogen water?
While research continues, initial studies report exciting potential antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging and metabolism benefits from dissolving molecular hydrogen gas in water then drinking for cellular protective effects.
Early data reveals particular potential tackling inflammation underlying chronic diseases. However, larger scale clinical trials still underway will clarify exact impacts before definitive medical claims establish. But given its impressive safety profile so far, hydrogen water presents intriguing upside for wellness optimization.
How much does a quality hydrogen water bottle cost?
Entry-level hydrogen water bottles start around $75 for no-frill stationary models producing 0.5 - 1 ppm concentrations.
Mid-range portable bottles with advanced electrolysis technologies like PEM offer 1-3 ppm dissolved hydrogen from $150 to $250.
Cutting-edge smart bottles with patented hydrogen amplification protocols and mobile apps enabling 4+ ppm retail closer to $400.
While not cheap, daily usage distributed across years makes per-use costs reasonable for the home health benefits.
Should you only use filtered or alkaline water in hydrogen water bottles?
For optimal taste and hydrogen infusion, fill your bottle with quality purified or alkaline water. Adding specialty hydrogen ions into unfiltered tap water still nets antioxidant gains regardless.
Though if your home pipes deliver notably bad tasting or unsafe water, consider attaching an entry-level filtration pitcher beforehand to protect intake quality. Hydrogen water generators work fine improving most water sources.
How much hydrogen should hydrogen water contain?
Look for hydrogen water with at least 0.5 ppm and ideally over 1 ppm of dissolved hydrogen gas. Advanced premium hydrogen water bottle generators can produce 2-4 ppm hydrogen concentration using technologies like PEM electrolysis. The more hydrogen content, the better for cellular protection.
What is the best way to drink hydrogen water?
Portable hydrogen water bottles provide the most convenient way to drink high-quality hydrogen water with extra hydrogen molecules. The best bottles have replaceable filters and use advanced electrolysis or magnesium technology to freshly generate molecular hydrogen and infuse into water.
How does a hydrogen water generator work?
Hydrogen gas is produced from water in a process called electrolysis. Hydrogen water generators use special plates to split water H20 molecules into oxygen and hydrogen gas which dissolves into the water. Newer generators optimize hydrogen production and purity for improved antioxidant benefits.
What is the best water purifier or pitcher filter?
Water pitchers provide an affordable way to filter your tap water for better purity and taste. The best pitcher water filters remove contaminants like lead, chlorine and microplastics. Check if filters are NSF-certified. For more advanced filtration, countertop and under sink reverse osmosis systems are ideal.
Can I make hydrogen water at home?
Yes, you can use a hydrogen water generator to produce hydrogen-rich water from your own kitchen tap. Countertop machines use electrolysis to split water and harvest hydrogen. Portable bottles are more convenient for on-the-go hydrogen water; the latest models maximize dissolved hydrogen using technologies like PEM electrolysis or magnesium sticks.
What sports water bottle is best?
If you want built-in hydrogen water on the go, choose a bottle specially designed as a hydrogen water generator. It combines a durable, BPA-free sports water bottle with technology to produce additional hydrogen molecules for infusion into any drinking water. The hydrogen acts as antioxidant protection during activity or workouts.
The Future of Functional Water Looks Bright with Hydrogen
Far from a fading fad, hydrogen water bottles offer effortless access to water’s emerging next evolution. Harnessing technology to infuse science-backed molecular benefits into our most essential daily drink simply makes sense. While research questions certainly remain requiring expanded clinical validation, the foundational principles behind hydrogen’s therapeutic antioxidant potential are sound.
The various studies demonstrating significant biological mechanisms and disease-mitigating effects also inspire justified optimism. By potentially nipping oxidative damage and inflammation in the bud upstream, perhaps pervasive deterioration across cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological, liver and autoimmune chronic diseases faces earlier intervention through hydrogen’s protective reach.
Only further research and citizen-led personal experimentation will determine conclusions for sure. But given general safety thus far plus growing curiosity around enhanced water, I believe hydrogen constitutes the legitimate next wave in functional hydration. One where improved daily health and performance hide in plain sight... within our reusable water bottles.
Diving Deeper into the Hydrogen Water Trend
Now let’s explore details behind the hydrogen water phenomenon - from the science powering potential benefits to the technology enabling hydrogen infusion at home:
The Science Behind Hydrogen Water
For years hydrogen gas was considered medically inert - eliciting little pharmaceutical interest compared to sexier molecule options. Yet pioneering Japanese research uncovered antioxidant properties from hydrogen with therapeutic potential across metabolic, inflammatory and degenerative diseases.
How exactly can simple hydrogen gas act as an antioxidant?
The secret hides in hydrogen’s selective reduction capacity targeting only the most cytotoxic free radicals that damage DNA, fats and proteins in cells. Meanwhile, hydrogen gas ignores other free radicals involved in essential cell signaling - proving selective antioxidant action superior to vitamin C and E.
This mitochondrial-protecting selectivity combined with favorable safety data awakened global research interest in molecular hydrogen applications treating everything from diabetes to radiation exposure.
Studies demonstrate hydrogen’s cellular access enables influencing gene expression and protein phosphorylation cascades benefiting cytokine inflammation, apoptosis regulation and more.
By neutralizing excess free radicals upstream, might simple hydrogen supplementation effectively combat chronic inflammation underlying modern disease?
Ongoing clinical trials aim to clarify detailed mechanisms and therapeutic impacts, but over 1,000 peer-reviewed studies paint a compelling picture thus far. Suffice to say, the medical potential surrounding hydrogen gas infusions remains intriguing to say the least.
How Hydrogen Water Bottles Work
While inhaling hydrogen gas through special delivery masks potently transfers molecules immediately into blood for transportation to cells, convenience issues limit practicality. Here hydrogen-dissolving water provides optimal portable access. But how do devices bubble elusive hydrogen gas into simple water? The answer lies in electrolysis.
Whether using proton exchange membrane (PEM) or solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) systems, flowing H20 between positive and negative electrodes powered by a charge allows separating constituent parts. Applied electricity breaks water’s covalent bond freeing single oxygen and twin hydrogen molecules available for capture and infusion.
Bottles optimize this electrolysis process specifically for portability with specialized chambers concentrating hydrogen gas production at the touch of a button or timed-cycles stretch passive production. Freshly freed hydrogen captured in receivers then funnels for merging into water containers maximizing saturation and parts per million dissolution based on flow exposure duration.
New models also utilize atomic hydrogen generators interacting magnesium powder with water to produce hydrogen sans electricity. While convenient for off-grid use, flow control and concentration levels lag behind electrified systems. Nonetheless, options for infusing your standard water exist to suit any lifestyle.
Regardless the proprietary generation method, focus on optimal dissolution levels in parts per million matching your priorities whether peak performance or per bottle value. With the right accessories like magnetic stirrers further preventing hydrogen escape through surface tension, today’s best bottles empower noticeably enhancing plain water’s cellular protective effects.
Finding Your Perfect Hydrogen Water Companion
While the wellness potential surrounding enhanced hydrogen water deserves applause, finding your ideal infusion companion product warrants careful reflection first given the options:
Assess Desired Hydrogen Concentrations
Consider your intended hydrogen water applications before presuming “more is better” concentration wise. While hitting 2-4 ppm levels makes sense for athletes hyper-optimizing recovery, moderate 1 ppm may suffice for general wellness. Similarly, evaluate purity alongside concentration if sensitive to contaminants or crave the latest tech.
Determine Frequency of Use
Do you plan using a bottle mainly around workouts or travel? Or will your hydrogen water machine run daily delivering the family’s glass after glass? Frequent usage demands durable designs and replacement parts not draining budgets over time. Also confirm compatibility with your lifestyle - smaller on-the-go capacity or larger countertop versions?
Compare Operating Costs
Upfront machine costs are just the start over total ownership spans - especially consider filter and cartridge replacement cycles. Budget conscious buyers estimate total annual costs per liter based on personal usage to determine best value. Also check warranties protecting early hardware investments.
Besides durability, hydrogen water vessels live comfortably in your hand during commutes or perch divergence your work desk much of the day. Ensure shapes feel natural when holding and drinking even when wearing gym gloves or business attire. Little ergonomic touches go a long way.
Assess Support Resources
Manufacturers offering online tutorials, savvy social channels and responsive technical assistance deliver far better customer experiences versus difficult to reach brands. Value knowledge resources helping understand ideal usage and maintenance practices.
While no universal perfect hydrogen water appliance exists across factors like budget and usage scenarios, carefully inspect available options by matching features with your unique lifestyle.
Start with Consistent Daily Use
Rather than fancy specifications or trendy marketing claims, simply focus first on consistent daily usage providing compounding hydrogen health gains over time. When paired with balanced nutrition and reasonable exercise as part of a regular routine, hydrogen water comprises just a small but potentially impactful element supporting whole body wellness.
The future remains bright for harnessing molecular hydrogen’s understated power conveniently within portable water bottles. But don’t just take my word - why not begin your own hydrogen water habit today by intelligently incorporating one of these fine vessels into daily hydration? Then personally evaluate if quantified benefits emerge across coming weeks and months.
Even More About Hydrogen Water
Water ionizers use electrolysis to split tap water into alkaline and acidic water. The alkaline water contains minerals like calcium and magnesium. Some people believe drinking alkaline water provides health benefits, though more research is still needed. An water ionizer machine can be pricey but offers the convenience of pH-controlled alkaline water at home.
Molecular hydrogen (H2) is a gas made up of two hydrogen atoms. Research shows hydrogen gas has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can neutralize damaging free radicals in your cells. By drinking hydrogen-infused water, the molecular hydrogen helps protect your DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative stress. Hydrogen water generators use technologies like electrolysis or magnesium sticks to infuse water with hydrogen gas.
Alkaline water has a higher pH level than regular drinking water. Some advocates believe alkaline water may help slow aging, boost hydration, and prevent disease. However, the health claims around alkaline water are controversial and not confirmed. An alkaline water filter or ionizer machine raises the pH of water by adding mineral ions like calcium. More research on alleged alkaline water benefits is still needed.
Water pitchers with built-in filters provide an affordable and convenient way to improve water's taste and reduce contaminants. The best water pitchers use filters that remove chlorine, metals, microplastics and other impurities as you pour. Many pitchers indicate when it's time to replace the filter. While not as advanced as countertop water filters, pitchers allow filling glasses of better-tasting filtered water easily.
Portable Hydrogen Water Bottle
Portable hydrogen water bottles offer the convenience of hydrogen-rich water on the go. Advanced hydrogen water generators use technologies like PEM electrolysis or magnesium sticks to produce molecular hydrogen. The hydrogen gas infuses into water within minutes to create hydrogen-infused water with potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. Rechargeable hydrogen water bottles add hydrogen to tap or bottled water for drinking whenever you need it.
Hydrogen generators use water electrolysis or magnesium metal to produce pure hydrogen gas. Electrolysis uses electrodes to split water H20 molecules into oxygen and twice as much hydrogen. A magnesium stick or powder reacts with water in hydrolysis to also separate hydrogen gas. Generators capture and store the hydrogen to then infuse water bottles for drinking optimism. Advanced generators optimize hydrogen production and purity.
Hydrogen Rich Water Bottle Generator
This portable bottle uses technology to generate pure hydrogen on demand and bubble it into water for better health. Options like PEM electrolysis or magnesium hydrolysis produce molecular hydrogen gas to dissolve inside, creating hydrogen-rich water. The hydrogen reacts as an antioxidant to reduce inflammation and neutralize cell damage from free radicals. Convenient hydrogen water bottle generators deliver the benefits of hydrogen-infused water anywhere.
Hydrogen-infused water contains hydrogen gas (H2 molecules) dissolved within for better absorption. Hydrogen shows promise for antioxidant benefits that may boost energy, anti-aging effects, workout recovery and more. But more clinical research is still underway. Adding hydrogen to water uses production methods like water electrolysis or magnesium hydrolysis then infusing it into water. Hydrogenated water contains the molecular hydrogen for transport into your cells.
Drink A Lot of Water
It's important to maintain good hydration by drinking a lot of water each day. Health authorities recommend 125 ounces total for men and 75 ounces daily for women. Water supports energy, metabolism, skin health, body temperature, waste removal and more. Drink more plain or infused water instead of sugary sodas and juices. New advances allow adding hydrogen or alkaline mineral ions into water for potential added benefits too. Staying well hydrated with water remains vital for living well.